Springs Fever: A Field & Recreation Guide to 500 Florida Springs.
2nd Edition by Joe Follman and Richard Buchanan

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Rupert's Springs Bibliography

A BIBLIOGRAPHY OF FLORIDA SPRINGS
Compiled by Frank Rupert, Florida Geological Survey
Please send comments, corrections, and additions to frank.rupert@DEP.state.fl.us

  • Adamski, James C., 1998, Potentiometric surface of the upper Floridan Aquifer in the St. Johns River Water Management District and vicinity, Florida, May 1998: United States Geological Survey Open File Report 98-0648, 1 sheet.
  • Anonymous, 1950,  A brief history of White Springs, Florida: The Suwannee Democrat, p. 6.
  • Anonymous, 1974, Warm mineral springs on-site research resumes: Archives and History News, v. 5, no. 4, July-August.
  • am-Ende, B. A., Wefer, F. L, Stone, W. C., 1998, The Wakulla-2 expedition, in: 1998 NSS convention; program and abstracts, National Speleological Society Annual Convention Program, 1998, NSS convention. Sewanee, TN, United States. Aug. 3-7, 1998. p. 74-75.
  • Andrews, W. J., 1994, Nitrate in ground water and spring water near four dairy farms in North Florida, 1990-93: U. S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 94-4162, 63 p.
  • Anuskiewicz, R. J., 1987, Preliminary archaeological investigations at Ray Hole Spring, in: College Station, Proceedings of the Eighth annual Gulf of Mexico Information Transfer Meeting, Texas A & M University, Dept. of Oceanography. p. 416-418.
  • Anuskiewicz, R. J., Irion, J. B., Donoghue, J. F., Dunbar, J. S., Garrison, E. G., and Gerrell, P. R., 1997, Early man on the Florida outer continental shelf; sea level change and archaeological evidence at Ray Hole Spring: Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, v. 29, n. 3, p. 2.
  • Barraclough, Jack T., 1962, Ground-water resources of Seminole County, Florida: Florida Geological Survey Report of Investigations 27, 91 p.
  • Bass, G. and Hitt, V., 1972 Suwannee River fishing: Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission, Suwannee River Authority, p. 9.
  • Beatty, G. F., and Spangler, D. P., 1978,  The study of lineaments and fracture traces and correlation to springs along the Suwannee River from Mayo, Florida to Branford, Florida: Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs. v. 10, n. 4, 162 p.
  • Breland, J. A., 1980, Chemical and physical characteristics of a saline geothermal submarine spring off Florida's southwestern coast: [Master's thesis] University of South Florida, St. Petersburg, 105 p.
  • Briel, L. I., 1976, An investigation of the U234/U238 disequilibrium in the natural waters of the Santa Fe River basin of north-central Florida: [Dissertation] Florida State Univ., Tallahassee, 241 p.
  • Brigmon, R. L,  Martin, H. W, Zam, S. G., 1994, Microbial ecology of Thiothrix spp. in the Floridan Aquifer, in: Sasowsky, I. D., and Palmer, M. V. (eds.), Breakthroughs in karst geomicrobiology and redox geochemistry; abstracts and field-trip guide: Karst Waters Institute Special Publication 1, p. 4-5.
  • Brooks, H. K., 1961, The submarine springs off Crescent Beach, Florida: Florida Academy of  Sciences, v. 24, n. 2, p.122-134.
  • Brooks, H. K., 1965, Underwater paleontological collecting techniques, in: Paleontological Society, Handbook of paleontological techniques: San Francisco,  W. H. Freeman and Co., p. 168-175.
  • Bugna, G. C., Chanton, J. P., Burnett, J. P., Young, W. C., Cable, J. E., and Corbett, D. R., 1993, Evaluation of methane as a tracer for submarine groundwater discharge: Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs,  v. 25; n. 4, 5 p.
  • Burnett, W. C., Cowart, J. B., and Deetae, S., 1990, Radium in the Suwannee River and Estuary; spring and river input to the Gulf of Mexico,  in:  Valiela, I. and  Elia, D. (eds.), Groundwater inputs to coastal waters: Biogeochemistry (Dordrecht). v. 10, n. 3, p. 237-255.
  • Burger, A. and Dubertret, L., (eds.), 1975 Hydrogeology of karstic terrains: Int. Union of Geol. Sci. Series B, n. 3, p. 190.
  • Burnson, T., 1981, Upper Suwannee River basin; hydrologic overview, in: Karst hydrogeology and Miocene geology of the Upper Suwannee River basin, Hamilton County, Florida. Southeastern Geological Society Field Trip Guidebook 23, p. 33-36.
  • Cable, J., E, Bugna, G. C., Burnett, W. C., and Chanton, J. P., 1996, Application of (super 222) Rn and CH (sub 4) for assessment of groundwater discharge to the coastal ocean: Limnology and Oceanography, v. 41, n. 6, p. 1347-1353.
  • Cable, J. E, Burnett, W. C., Chanton, J. P., and Weatherly, G. L., Estimating groundwater discharge into the northeastern Gulf of Mexico using radon-222: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 144; n. 3-4, p. 591-604.
  • Ceryak, R., Knapp, M. S., and Burnson, T., 1983, The geology and water resources of the Upper Suwannee River basin, Florida: Florida Bureau of Geology Report of Investigations 87, 165 p.
  • Cherry, R. N., Stewart, J. W., and Mann, J. A., 1970, General hydrology of the middle gulf area, Florida: Florida Geological Survey Report of Investigation 56, 96 p.
  • Clark, W. E., 1965, Relation of ground-water inflow and of bank and channel storage to streamflow pickup in the Santa Fe River, Florida, in: Geological Survey Research 1965, U. S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 525-D, p. D211-D213.
  • Clausen, C. S., 1972, Little Salt Springs yields clues to the past: Archives and History News, v. 3, n. 2.
  • Clausen, C. S., Brooks, H. K., and Wesolowsky, A. B., 1975, Florida spring confirmed as 10,000 year old early man site: The Florida Anthropologist, v. 28, no. 3, pt. 2.
  • Clausen, C. J., Cohen, A. D., Emiliani, C., Holman, J, A, and Stipp, J. J., 1979, Little Salt Spring, Florida; a unique underwater site: Science. v. 203, n. 4381, Pages 609-614.
  • Cockrell, W. A., 1973, Remains of early man recovered from spring cave: Archives and History News, v. 4, n. 2.
  •  Cockrell, W. A., 1975, Warm Mineral Springs, 1975: A multi-disciplinary approach to a 10,000 BP archeological site (Abs.): Florida Scientist, v. 38, supplement 1, p. 19.
  • Cohen, L., 1977, A uranium disequilibrium study of the submarine springs of Spring Creek, Florida: [M. S. thesis], Florida State University, Tallahassee.
  • Collins, W. D., 1925, Temperature of water available for industrial, use in the United States: U. S. Geological Survey Water-Supply Paper 520, p. 97-104.
  • Conover, C. S., and Leach, S. D., 1975, River basin and hydrologic unit map of Florida: Florida Bureau of Geology, Map Series 72.
  • Cooke, C. W., 1939, Scenery of Florida interpreted by a geologist: Florida Geol. Survey, Bull 17, p. 118.
  • Cooper, H. H., Jr., Kenner, W. E., and Brown, E., 1963, Ground water of central and northern Florida: Florida Geological Survey Report of Investigation 10, p. 37.
  • Cowart, J. B. and Jones, G. W., 1996, Delineation of the sources of Rainbow Springs, Florida, vents by use of uranium isotopes: Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, v. 28, n.. 7, 140 p.
  • Davis, S. N., and DeWeist, R. J. M., 1966 Hydrogeology: John Wiley and Sons, N.Y., 463 p.
  • DeLoach, N., and Arteaga, T. , 1972 A guide to Florida's springs, the world's most spectacular freshwater diving: New World Productions, Jacksonville, Florida, 44 p.
  • Dietrich, P. M., and Gifford, J. A., 1997, Depositional sequence at Little Salt Spring (8So18); paleoenvironmental implications for the Pleistocene Holocene boundary in peninsular Florida: Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, v. 29, n. 3, 13 p.
  •  Dimmick, C. W., 1964, The age of the blue-green clay outcropping in the Crescent Beach Spring: [Masters thesis], University of Florida. Gainesville, 105 p.
  • Dolan, E. M., and Allen, G. T., Jr., 1961, Investigation of Darby and Hornsby Springs, Alachua County, Florida: Florida Geological Survey Special Publication 7, 124 p.
  • Donoghue, J. F., Anuskiewicz, R. J., Dunbar, J. S., Gerrell, P. R., and Faught, M. K., 1995, Evidence of early humans on the northeastern Gulf of Mexico continental shelf; Ray Hole Spring [abs.], in: Linked Earth systems, 1st SEPM congress on sedimentary geology, St. Pete Beach, FL, United States. Aug. 13-16, 1995, 48 p.
  • Donoghue, J. F.,  Anuskiewicz, R. J., Dunbar, J. S., Faught, M. K., Gerrell, P. R., and Garrison, E. G., 1997, Ray Hole Spring and other early human sites on the northeastern Gulf of Mexico continental shelf: Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, v. 29, n. 3, p. 14.
  • Dufresne, D. P., and Drake, C. W., 1999, Regional groundwater flow model construction and wellfield site selection in a karst area, Lake City, Florida, in: Beck, B. F. (ed.), Sinkholes and the engineering and environmental impacts of karst: Sixth multidisciplinary conference on Sinkholes and the engineering and environmental impacts of karst. Springfield, MO, United States.
  • Durfor, C. N., and Becker, E., 1964, Public water supplies of the 100 largest cities in the United States, 1962: U. S. Geological Survey Water-Supply Paper 1812, 364 p.
  • Ellins, K. K., Hisert, R. A., and Kincaid, T., 1993, Hydrogeology of the western Santa Fe River basin, in: Kish, S. A. (ed.), Geologic field studies of the coastal plain in Alabama, Georgia, and Florida, Southeastern Geological Society Field Conference Guidebook 33, p. 91-109.
  • Ellis, M. M., Westfall, B. A., and Ellis, M. D., 1946, Determination of water quality: U. S. Fish and Wildlife Reserve Report 9.
  • Exley, S., 1978, Cow Spring Cave; Running Springs Junction: Underwater Speleology  v. 5, n. 1, p. 4-6.
  • Fanning, K. A., Betzer, P. R., Byrne, R. H., Breland, J. A. and Jolley, R. R., 1979, Characteristic of a submarine geothermal spring on the West Florida Shelf: Florida Scientist. 42, Supplement 1, 21 p.
  • Fanning, K. A., Byrne, R. H., Breland, J. A., Betzer, P. R., Moore, W. S., Elsinger, R. J., and Pyle, T. E., 1981, Geothermal Springs of the west Florida continental shelf: evidence for dolomitization and radionuclide enrichment: Earth and Planetary Letters, v. 52, p. 345-354.
  •  Fanning, K. A., Breland, J. A., and Byrne, R. H., 1982, Radium-226 and radon-222 in the coastal waters of West Florida; high concentrations and atmospheric degassing: Science, v. 215, n. 4533, p. 667-670.
  • Fanning, K. A., Byrne, R. H., Breland, J. A., Betzer, P. R., Moore, W. S., Elsinger, R. J., and Pyle, T. E., 1981, Geothermal springs of the West Florida continental shelf; evidence for dolomitization and radionuclide enrichment: Earth and Planetary Science Letters. 52; 2, p. 345-354.
  • Faught, M., 1988, Inundated sites in the Apalachee Bay area of the eastern Gulf of Mexico: The Florida Anthropologist, v. 41, n. 1, p. 185-190.
  • Faulkner, G. L., 1973, Geohydrology of the Cross Florida Barge Canal area with special reference to the Ocala vicinity: U. S. Geological. Survey Water Resources Investigation 1-73, 117 p.
  • Faulkner, G. L., 1976, Flow analysis of karst systems with well developed underground circulation, karst hydrology and water resources: Proc. United States - Yugoslavian symposium, Dubrovnik, June 2-7, 1975: Water Resources Pub., p. 6-1 to 6-28
  • Ferguson, G. E., Lingham, C. W., Love, S. K., and Vernon, R. O., 1947 Springs of Florida: Florida Geological Survey Bulletin 31, 198 p.
  • Fisher, K. E., 1994, Interactions between submersed macrophytes and epiphytic algae in a central Florida spring stream: [Masters thesis], University of Central Florida, Orlando.
  • Fisk, D. W. and Exley, I. S., 1976, Exploration and environmental evaluation of the world's longest underwater cave: Florida Scientist. v. 39, Supplement 1, p. 16.
  •   Fisk, D. W. and Exley, I. S., 1977, Exploration and environmental investigation of the Peacock Springs Cave System, in: Dilamarter, R. R., and Csallany, S. C. (eds.), Hydrologic problems in karst regions: West. Ky. Univ., Bowling Green, p. 297-302.
  • Florida Institute of Oceanography, 1994, The West Florida Shelf: Past, Present, and Future -- Final Workshop Report: St. Petersburg, Florida, October 10, 1994, 54 p.
  • Garmin, M., 1999, New tunnel discoveries in the Crystal Beach Spring cave system: NSS News (National Speleological Society), June 1999, p. 164-168.
  • Giese, G. L., and Franklin, M. A., 1996, Magnitude and frequency of low flows in the Suwannee River Water Management District, Florida: U. S. Geological Survey Water Resources Investigation 96-4803, 62 p.
  • Goodbred, S. L., Hine, A. C., and Stumpf, R., 1993, Sediment distribution patterns and the development of the marsh system rimming a shallow-water shelf embayment; Waccasassa Bay, Levy Co., FL: Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, v. 25, n. 4, 19 p.
  • Gordon, S. L. and Martin, J. B., 1997, Seasonal variability of surface and ground water mixing in an unconfined karst aquifer, examples from the Ichetucknee River ground water basin, Florida: Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, v. 29, n. 6, 135 p.
  • Gordon, S. L. and Martin, J. B., 1997,  Chemical & isotopic variation in water discharging from karst springs; evidence for surface & ground water mixing in the Ichetucknee River ground water basin, Florida: Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, v. 29, n. 3, p. 19-20.
  • Grice, G. D. and Yentsch, C. S., 1956, Light transparency of Wakulla Springs: Oceanog. Inst. Florida State Univ. Contr. 62. 5 p.
  • Gunter, H. E., 1931, The mastodon from Wakulla Springs, Florida: Florida Woods and Waters, Spring, 1931, p. 14-16.
  • Hammett, K. M., Goodwin, C. R., and Sanders, G. L., 1996, Tidal-flow, circulation, and flushing characteristics of Kings Bay, Citrus County, Florida: U. S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 96-0230, 63 p.
  • Healy, H. G., 1975, Potentiometric surfaces and areas of artesian flow of the Floridan aquifer of Florida, May 1974: Florida Bureau of Geology Map Series 73.
  • Hem, J. D., 1970, Study and interpretations of the chemical characteristics of natural water: U. S. Geological Survey Water-Supply Paper 1473, 363 p.
  • Henderson, E., 1965, Guide to diving locations in the Tallahassee area: Carter's Sporting Goods, Tallahassee, Florida.
  • Henry, H. R., and Kohout, F. A., 1972, Circulation patterns of saline groundwater affected by geothermal heating -- as related to waste disposal: Am. Soc. Petroleum Geologists, Underground Waste Management and Environmental Implications, mem. 18, p. 202-221.
  • Heusser, G., 1984, An early man site, Warm Mineral Springs, Florida: Lapidary Journal. 38; 7, p.1008-1010.
  • Hickey, J. J., and Coates, M. J., 1993, Source of water to Lithia Springs in Hillsborough County, Florida: Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, v. 25; n. 4, 23 p.
  • Hine, A. C., Belknap, D. F., Hutton, J. G., Osking, E. B., and Evans, M. W., 1988, Recent geological history and modern sedimentary processes along an incipient, low-energy, epicontinental-sea coastline: northwest Florida: Journal of Sedimentary Petrology, v. 58, n. 4, p. 567-579.
  • Hirth, D. K., 1995, Ground water tracing in karst terrain near Fort White, Florida using sulfur hexafluoride gas: in: Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, v. 27, n. 2, p. 63.
  • Hisert, R. A. 1994, A multiple tracer approach to determine the ground and surface water relationships in the western Santa Fe River, Columbia County, Florida: [Dissertation], University of Florida. Gainesville, 212 p.
  • Holman, J. A., and Clausen, C. J., 1984, Fossil vertebrates associated with paleo-Indian artifact at Little Salt Spring, Florida: Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. v. 4, n. 1, p. 146-154.
  • Holmes, C. W., 1981, Late Neogene and Quaternary geology of the southwestern Florida Shelf and Slope: U. S. Geological Survey Open File Report 81-1029.
  • Hornsby, D., and Ceryak, R., 1998, Springs of the Suwannee River Basin in Florida: Suwannee River Water Management District WR99-02, text on compact disk.
  • Huang, C., 1994, Revised spring conductance coefficients: Wekiva River basin groundwater flow model: St. Johns River Water Management District Professional Paper SJ94-PP3, 16 p.
  •  Huang, W. H., and Chiou, W. A., 1974, Clay mineralogical studies of sediments in swamps and springs: Program and Abstracts - Annual Clay Minerals Conference. v. 23, 36 p.
  • Hubbs, C. L., and Allen, E. R., 1943, Fishes of  Silver Springs, Florida: Proceedings Florida Academy of Science, v. 6, p. 110-130.
  • Hunn, J. D., and Cherry, R. N., 1988, 1969 Remote sensing of offshore springs and spring discharge along the gulf coast of central Florida: Natl. Aeronautical and Space Admin., 2nd Ann. Earth Resources Aircraft Program Status Rev., v. 111, Hydrology and Oceanography, Sept. 16-18, 1969, p. 39.
  • Hurst, W. T., 1975, Comparison of two proximate spring caves on the Santa Fe River: Cave Research Bull. 86, p. 21-30.
  • Hutton, J. G., Hine, A.C., Evans, M. W., Osking, E. B., and Belknap, D. F., 1984, Influence of a karstified limestone surface on an open marine, marsh dominated coastline: west central Florida: in: Beck, B. F., (ed.), Sinkholes: Their Geology, Engineering and Environmental Impact: Proceedings of the First Multidisciplinary Conference on Sinkholes, Orlando, Florida, October 15-17, 1984, p. 35-42.
  • Jones, G. W., and Upchurch, S. B., 1993, Origin of nutrients in ground-water discharging from the Lithia and Buckhorn Springs: Brooksville, Southwest Florida Water Management District.
  • Jones, G. W., and Upchurch, S. B. , 1994, Origin of nutrients in ground-water discharging from the King's Bay Springs, Citrus County Florida:  Brooksville, Southwest Florida Water Management District, 159 p.
  • Jones, G. W., and Upchurch, S. B. and Champion, K. M., 1996, Origin of nutrients in ground-water discharging from Rainbow Springs: Brooksville, Southwest Florida Water Management District.
  • Jones, G. W., Upchurch, S. B., Champion, K. M., and Dewitt, D. J., 1997, Water quality and hydrology of the Homosassa, Chassahowitzka, Weeki Wachee, and Aripeka spring complexes, Citrus and Hernando Counties, Florida--origin of increasing nitrate concentrations: Ambient Ground-water Quality Monitoring Program, Southwest Florida Water Management District, 167 p.
  •  Johnston, R. H., and Bush, P. W., 1988, Summary of the hydrology of the Floridan aquifer system in Florida and in parts of Georgia, South Carolina, and Alabama: U. S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1403B, p. A1-A24.
  • Johnson, R. H., 1993, Estimating regional transmissivity of the upper Floridan Aquifer: Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, v. 25,  n. 4, 25 p.
  • Karst Environmental Services, 1992, Hydrology study of the main spring, Homosassa Springs State Wildlife Park: a report prepared for the Florida Department of Natural Resources.
  • Katz, B. G., and Hornsby, H. D., 1998, A preliminary assessment of sources of nitrate in springwaters, Suwannee River basin, Florida: U. S. Geological Survey Open File Report 98-0069, 18 p.
  • Kidd, D. F., Kruppenbach, J. A. and Ricketts, B., 1989,  Multidisciplined approach to very shallow exploration targets: Society of Exploration Geophysicists, 59th annual international meeting; expanded abstracts with biographies, 59, v. 1, p. 460-463.
  • Kincaid, T. R, Denizman, C. and Ellins, K. K., 1992, Using SF (sub 6) to establish the general recharge area for three springs in the Santa Fe River basin, Florida: Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs 24; 7, 300 p.
  • Knowles, L., 1996, Estimation of evapotranspiration in the Rainbow Springs and Silver Springs basins in north-central Florida: U. S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations 96-4024, 37 p.
  • Kohout, F. A., 1966, Submarine springs, a neglected phenomenon of coastal hydrology: Central Treaty Organization's Symposium on Hydrology and Water Resources Devel., Feb. 5-12, 1966, p. 391-413.
  • Kohout, F. A., 1967, Ground-water flow and the geothermal regime of the Floridan Plateau: Trans. Gulf Coast Association of Geological Societies., v. XVII, p. 339-354.
  • Kohout, F. A., 1974, Geothermal spring off Florida's west coast: Geological Society of America Abstracts with programs, v. 6, n. 7, p. 829.
  • Kohout, F. A., 1974, Hydrologic significance of a geothermal submarine spring off Florida west coast: Florida Scientist, v. 37, supplement 1, p.13.
  •  Kohout, F. A., 1975, Upwelling of geothermally heated ground water (Abs.): Florida Scientist, v. 88, supplement 1, p. 19.
  • Kohout, F. A., 1977, Hydrology related to geothermal conditions of the Floridan plateau; in: Geothermal Nature of the Floridan plateau: Fla. Bur. Geology Spec. Publication 21.
  • Kohout, F. A., and Kolipinski, M. C., 1967, Biological zonation related to groundwater discharge along the shore of Biscayne Bay, Miami,Florida: Estuaries, American Association for the Advancement of Science, 1967, p. 488-499.
  • Kohout, F. A., Dill, R. F., Royal, W. R., Benjamin, G. J., and Hill, R. E., 1972, Ocean-ground-water interface; sinkholes, blueholes, and submarine springs -- geologic-hydrologic windows in the Florida-Bahama platform: Geological Society America Abstracts with Programs, v. 4, no. 7, p. 566.
  • Kohout, F. A., Kolpinski, M. C., and Higer, A. L., 1973, Sensing of submarine springs: Floridan Plateau and Jamaica, West Indies, in: Proceedings of the 2nd International Symposium on Ground Water, Plaermo, Italy, April 28-May 2, 1973: International Association for Hydraulic Research, p. 571-578.
  • Kohout, F. A., Leve, G. W., Smith, F. T., and Manheim, F. T., 1975, Red Snapper Sink and ground-water flow, offshore northeastern Florida: Internat. Assoc. Hydrologists, 12th Int. Cong., Karst Hy- drogeology, Abs. and Program, Alabama Geol. Survey, p.60.
  • Kohout, F. A., Munson, R. C., Turner, R. M., and Royal, W. R., 1981, Satellite observations of a geothermal submarine spring off Florida west coast, in: Deutch, M. , Wiesnet, D. R. and Rango, A. (eds.), Satellite hydrology: publisher unknown, Washington, DC, United States, p. 570-578.
  • Land, L. A.,  Paull, C. K., 1995, Verification of Kohout circulation within the South Florida continental margin: in: Hine, A. C. and Halley, R. B. (prefacers), Linked Earth systems; congress program and abstracts; v. 1., 1st SEPM congress on Sedimentary geology,  St. Pete Beach, FL, United States. Aug. 13-16, 1995, 81 p.
  • Lane, B. E, and Ladner, L. J., 1995,  Submarine karst springs and sinkholes in Florida State waters, Gulf of Mexico: in: Hine, A. C. and Halley, R. B. (prefacers), Linked Earth systems; congress program and abstracts; v. 1., 1st SEPM congress on Sedimentary geology,  St. Pete Beach, FL, United States. Aug. 13-16, 1995, 81 p.
  • Larkin, J.,  Aharon, P. and Henk, M. C., 1994,  Beggiatoa in microbial mats at hydrocarbon vents in the Gulf of Mexico and Warm Mineral Springs, in: Aharon P. (ed.), Hydrocarbon seeps and vents: Louisiana State University, Department of Microbiology, Baton Rouge, LA .
  • Leach, S. D., 1977, Water use inventory in Florida, 1975: U. S. Geol. Survey Open File Report 77-577.
  • LeGrand, H. E., 1964, Hydrogeologic framework of the Gulf and Atlantic Coastal Plain: Southeastern Geology, v. 5, n. 4, p. 177-194.
  •  Legrand, H. E. and Stringfield, V. T., 1973, Concepts of karst development in relation to interpretation of surface runoff: U. S. Geol. Survey, Jour. Research, v. 1, no. 3, p. 351-360.
  • Leve, G. W., 1979, The Floridan aquifer in northeast Florida: Ground Water, v. 6, n. 2, p. 19-29.
  •  Lewis, R., 1979, The secret of Little Salt Spring: New Scientist, v. 83, n. 1166, p. 356-358.
  • Macesich, M. and Osmond, J. K., 1989, Uranium isotopic study of Wakulla Springs: Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, v. 21, n. 3, 49 p.
  • Maddox, G. L., 1993, Cave passage orientation and development within Florida Caverns State Park, Jackson County, Florida: Southeastern Geological Society Field Conference Guidebook (Tallahassee). 34; p. 4-14.
  • Mann, J. A., and Cherry, R. N., 1969, Large springs of Florida's sun coast, Citrus and Hernando counties: Florida Geol. Survey Leaflet 9, 24 p.
  • Marshall, N., 1947, The spring and spring run habits of Erimystax harperi (Fowler): Ecology 28, p. 68-75.
  • Martin, R. A., 1966, Eternal spring; man's 10,000 years of history at Florida's Silver Springs: St. Petersburg, Fla., Great Outdoors Publishing Co.
  • Martin, H. W. and Brigmon, R. L., 1994, Biogeochemistry of sulfide oxidizing bacteria in phreatic karst, :  in: Sasowsky, I. D. and  Palmer, M. V. (eds.), Breakthroughs in karst geomicrobiology and redox geochemistry; abstracts and field-trip guide, Karst Waters Institute Special Publication 1, p. 49-51.
  •  Martin, J. B, and Gordon, S. L., 1997, Rapid chemical variations in spring discharge; evidence for surface and ground water mixing and reactions in the Floridan Aquifer:  Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs , v. 29; n. 6, 183 p.
  • Matson, G. C. and Sanford, S., 1913, Geology and ground waters of Florida: U. S. Geol. Survey Water-Supply Paper 319.
  • Maxcy, K. F., 1950, Report on the relation of nitrite concentrations in well waters to the occurrence of Methemoglobinemia: Natl. Research Council, Sanitary Eng. and Environment, Bull., App. D., 271 p.
  •  Meinzer, O. E., 1927, Large springs in the United States: U. S. Geol. Survey Water Supply Paper 557, 94 p.
  • Menke, C. G., 1961, Water resources of Hillsborough County, Florida: Florida Geol. Survey, Rept. Inv. 25, 101 p.
  • Menke, C. G., Meridith, E. W, and Wetterhall, W. S., 1964,  Water-resources records of Hillsborough County, Florida: Florida Geological Survey Information Circular  44, 95 p.
  • Merritt, Michael L., 1998, Potentiometric surface of the upper Floridan Aquifer in the St. Johns River Water Management District and vicinity, Florida, September 1997: United States Geological Survey Open File Reort 98-0183, 1 sheet.
  • Musgrove, R. H., Foster, J. B., and Toler, L. G., 1965, Water resources of the Econfina Creek Basin area in northwestern Florida: Florida, Bureau of Geology Report of Investigations 41, 51 p.
  • Odum, H. T., 1957, Trophic structure and productivity of Silver Springs, Florida: Ecol. Monogr. 27, p. 55-112.
  • Olsen, S. J., 1958, The Wakulla Cave: Natural History, v. 67, n. 7, p. 396-403.
  • Parker, G. G., 1974, Hydrology of the pre-drainage system of the Everglades in southern Florida, in: Gleason, P. J. (ed.), Environments of South Florida: Present and Past:  Miami Geological Society Memoir 2, p. 28-37.
  •  Parker, G. G. and Cooke, C. W., 1944, Late Cenozoic geology of southern Florida, with a discussion of the ground water: Florida Geol. Survey, Bul. 27, 119 p.
  • Parker, G. G., Ferguson, G. E., Love, S. K., 1955, Water resources of southeastern Florida: U. S. Geological Survey Water Supply Paper 1255, 965 p.
  • Pascale, C. A., 1974, Water resources of Walton County, Florida: Florida Bureau of Geology Report of Investigations 76, 65 p.
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  • Peek, H. M., 1951, Cessation of flow of Kissengen Springs in Polk County, Florida: Florida Geol. Survey, Rept. Inv. 7, p. 73-82.
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